Existing Material

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This section provides a breakdown of the current resources and publications available online regarding privacy, how they are presented, and their relevance to each of the four stakeholders. The material can be classified into the following types:

Privacy issues
Tools (to verify privacy, for privacy protection, and PET)
Privacy statements and use conditions
Technology issues
Usability studies
Users' studies
Reference sites

The introductory readings cover a broad range of topics and issues around privacy and are relevant to all stakeholders. An example of an introductory reading is Ann Cavoukian’s Surveillance, Then and Now: Securing Privacy in Public Spaces or the Electron Frontier Foundation’s Who has your back? Third Annual Report on Online Service Providers’ Privacy and Transparency Practices Regarding Government Access to User Data . The usability studies section contains past studies that have been conducted to assess various aspects of privacy. Studies in this section would be, for example, those presented at the Symposium On Usable Privacy and Security such as Little Brothers Watching You: Raising Awareness of Data Leaks on Smartphones by Rebecca Balebako, Jaeyeon Jung, Wei Lu, Lorrie Cranor, and Carolyn Nguyen. The information available in usability studies is most relevant to the student and practitioner stakeholders. The user’s studies section consists of studies by governmental and non-governmental bodies. One example of a user study is the Attitudes on Data Protection and Electronic Identity in the European Union study conducted by TNS Opinion & Social. User’s studies are most appropriate for practitioners and policy makers. The regulation section includes resources regarding regulatory recommendations/resolutions, unofficial regulatory proposals, court rulings, statements supporting rulings, and academic literature. The contents in the regulation section are apposite to all four of the stakeholder groups. The section regarding privacy issues with specific tools and practices or in specific environments consists of resources covering topics from people search websites and Facebook, to web cameras, radio frequency identifiers (RFIDs), and eye tracking. Specific environments include: medical, work, school, public transport, and smart spaces. Each of the stakeholders can benefit from the resources in the privacy issues with specific tools and practices or in specific environments consists section. The tools to verify privacy and tools for privacy protection parts provide a list of several tools currently available online. It is important to note that not all of the tools have been tested; the fact that they are listed here does not constitute a recommendation. An example of one of the tools to verify privacy is Panopticlick, which tests the user’s browser to see how unique it is based on the information it shares with the sites it visits. An example of a tool for privacy protection is the Tor project, which offers protection against traffic analysis. Both sections are relevant for all four of the stakeholders. The technology issues category consists of material covering known technological issues, such as Peter Fecklessly’s How Unique Is Your Web Browser? , and is important for the student and practitioner stakeholders. The reference sites section is a collection of reference sites, associations, and conferences on privacy. The Privacy by Design site of the Information and Privacy Commissioner of Ontario is an example of an item under the reference sites section. Another example is the World Privacy Forum . This section is useful for the general public, students, and practitioners. The about privacy statements and use conditions section consists of some privacy statements and conditions of use (for example, Amazon.co.uk conditions of use and sale ), as well as a free privacy policy generator application called AppPrivacy . This section is relevant to all stakeholders.

The majority of the information is presented in a text based format, such as a website, online article, or online paper. Others modes of presentation are video, information graphics, and in one case an interactive game.